Dandruff

There are several hair care issues that can give you sleepless nights, and dandruff has to be in the top three. It makes your scalp itch uncontrollably, and when you finally give in to the urge to scratch your hair, it can lead to scalp damage and redness. It affects your hair health and the shower of flakes every time you give your head a little shake can make social situations a bit awkward. Even though this condition might appear worrisome, there are effective dandruff treatment methods that can help you rein in the condition.

So, what causes dandruff?

One of the primary reasons for dandruff is a microbe called Malassezia Globosa that lives on everyone’s scalp. While this microbe is usually harmless, it feeds on the sebum produced by the scalp and releases a substance called oleic acid. About more than 50 per cent of the population is allergic to oleic acid and as a reaction to this substance, your body directs the scalp to ‘shed’ the irritant. In an attempt to do so, it causes the scalp to shed skin cells at a faster rate than usual. These skin flakes are what you call dandruff.

Other causes of dandruff include:

  • Dry skin
  • Irritated, oily skin
  • Sensitivity to certain hair care products
  • Skin conditions, such as eczema and psoriasis

Symptoms of dandruff

The major symptoms of dandruff include:

  • An itchy scalp
  • Appearance of skin flakes on scalp, eyebrows, hair, beard or mustache, and shoulders
  • Crusty, scaly scalp in infants, also known as cradle cap

How to treat dandruff?

Once you identify these flakes as dandruff, you need to find the right dandruff solution to go flake-free. Let’s look at some effective dandruff home remedies that can help.

  • Use an anti-dandruff shampoo

 The easiest and most effective way to treat dandruff is to use an anti-dandruff shampoo that’s specially formulated with zinc pyrithione to get rid of dandruff. This active dandruff-fighting ingredient helps remove flakes, controls oil production, heals your scalp, and makes your scalp healthy.

  • Use aloe vera gel

Aloe vera has long been used in skin ointments and lotions owing to its numerous skin benefits. Moreover, it possesses antibacterial and antifungal properties that can help protect against dandruff. Also, it helps in reducing inflammation and reduce the severity of dandruff symptoms.

  • Use coconut oil

    Everyone vouches for the benefits of using coconut oil for your hair. It hydrates your skin and prevents dryness, which can prove beneficial if you have dandruff. Moreover, coconut oil’s antimicrobial nature does a great job of keeping the fungus, Malassezia Globosa, under control.

  • Use tea tree oil

 Whether it’s acne or psoriasis, tea tree oil has been used as a potent home remedy for a variety of conditions. It possesses anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties that can help alleviate the symptoms of dandruff. It even works against a specific strain of fungus that’s known to cause dandruff and seborrhoeic dermatitis.

  • Try stress management 

Stress doesn’t directly cause dandruff, but it does aggravate the condition. So, you can try some stress-relieving activities, such as yoga or jogging. Recreational activities like taking a walk in the park or opting for aromatherapy can help you manage stress better.

Now that you are aware of the major symptoms of dandruff, keep an eye out for the first signs of dandruff. And, if there’s ever a dandruff flare-up, you can try these effective home remedies to bring the condition under control.